Robot analysis says Donald  Trump is sad.

Is it possible that for all his branded merchandise, hotels, and cozy feelings about Vladimir Putin that Donald Trump is, in fact, a sad man? There is the obvious negativity, exemplified in his choice of words and ongoing insult hit list. But is Trump, the most unpopular presidential candidate since a former head of the KKK, truly sad?

According to a computer application called Debate in (E)motion, yes. Designed by graduate students at the Data Science Institute of Columbia University, the program analyzes series of five-second video frames taken from this elections televised debates. Then the program scores itself in how accurate it believes it’s recognition of emotions is.

A data visualization created by Quartz demonstrates that in the first debate the program detected “substantially less happiness” in Trump’s face versus that of Hillary Clinton. It also detected surprise, contempt, anger, and “a lot of sadness.”

The software isn’t really perfect, and there is the potential for errors. The system ideally works off video taken from a high frame-rate camera, which is not what is used to tape the debates. Still, the researchers are still confident in its results and say the patterns of emotions it detects are worth examining.

And while Trump was measured as considerably more sad than Clinton, there were some moments of happiness in the first debate. His happiest? When he told the crowd that the United States economic revival is the worst since the Great Depression.

Breaking this bike lock makes people vomit.

Bike theft happens to approximately 1.5 million Americans every year. Most bike locks can be cut through in less than a minute, meaning that if your bike is left in a vulnerable spot you might be left without a bike very soon.

The best way to protect your bike might very well be the SkunkLock, a recent invention designed by Daniel Idzkowksi and Yves Perrenoud. The SkunkLock is a carbon and steel U-shaped lock, equipped with a hollow chamber, which holds the violent secret that makes the SkunkLock so special — a pressurized gas that, when released, causes difficulty in breathing and vomiting. If a thief cuts 30 percent of their way into the lock, the gas emerges, sending them to vomit city.

It’s a new sort of bike lock that its inventors hope will be funded soon via Indigogo. The lock has yet to be tested on a real thief, but it has been tested on Idzkowski, Perrenoud, and volunteers at the distances of two, five, 10, and 20 feet. At 10 feet, the smell of the gas was unpleasant — at two feet, it caused 99 percent of trial testers to vomit.


The inventors say that this chemical is legal, and has passed compliance tests in all 50 states and some European Union countries. While they have not said what it’s made of, it’s likely that it involves the vomiting agent adamsite. According to the CDC, adamsite is a vomiting compound that can be released into the air as fine particles — like the aerosol gas in the SkunkLock. It has previously been used as riot-control agent; most adverse health effects cease after 30 minutes.

Idzkowksi tells The Guardian that his team was inspired to create the SkunkLock after an experience shared by many Americans.

“Basically we were fed up with thefts. The real last straw was we had a friend park his very expensive, electric bike outside a Whole Foods, and then we went to have lunch and chat. We went out and his bike was gone.”

Okay, maybe it was more of a situation straight out of Silicon Valley. But anyone trying to stop bike theft is a friend of ours. There’s still one thing that could lead to a stolen bike, even if it has a SkunkLock: picking the lock with a cheap plastic pen.

Photos via IndieGogo/Skunklock, Giphy (1, 2)

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