As goes California, so might the rest of the country.

Internet service providers interested in selling a tiered internet were dealt a major blow on Friday when the state Senate approved net neutrality protections for its people. Essentially, net neutrality is achieved when all internet content loads at the same speed, regardless of type. We know, it sounds incredibly boring, as comedian John Oliver first pointed out in 2014:

“Yes, net neutrality. The only two words that promise more boredom in the English language are ‘featuring Sting,’” Oliver joked back in 2014 on Last Week Tonight. The FCC tactic of burying net neutrality’s importance in dry, technical language seems like an effort to keep the masses at bay, but Friday’s vote signals that those days are numbered.

Jerry Brown on SB822

California Governor Jerry Brown hasn’t commented on the bill’s passage, but he has until the end of September to sign the bill into law or veto it. If he does, it could start a wave of support for restoring net neutrality across the U.S.

The California Cable & Telecommunications Association, a trade group that represents the interests of ISPs, called for “permanent bipartisan federal legislation” after the bill passed the state Assembly on Thursday, and for Brown to veto it after it passed the Senate on Friday.

If signed into law, SB 822 will go down in history as the public’s first sharp rejoinder to the FCC’s deeply unpopular repeal last year.

CA Has Strongest Net Neutrality Laws in the USA

The victory in California creates even stronger consumer protections than the Obama-era ones the FCC repealed: It bans cell phone companies from offering a “zero rating” feature to plans that would allow customers to stream music (or other media) at no cost to their data plan, effectively freezing out the competition. Not even the Obama-era FCC rules offered that protection.

A Net Neutrality Domino Effect for Other States

California’s victory may create a domino effect, too. ISPs have little interest in creating different streaming plans by state. It’s a logistical and technological nightmare. If SB 822 becomes law, someone in California will have all their internet content load at the same speed. If that person crosses the border into Nevada, where there are no net neutrality protections, the speeds change to fit whatever other pricing scheme has been sold to the customer there. It’s complicated.

A patchwork of different laws by state is never conducive to operating a streamlined business, but it is often the result of inadequate (or just bad) federal policy. California’s new law may inspire lawmakers in other states to pass net neutrality protections. The law might also force the hand of ISPs respect California net neutrality laws places that aren’t California, although that seems unlikely.

The National Conference of State Legislatures, which tracks state policy, reported this week that 30 states have net neutrality proposals on the books:

Legislators in 30 states have introduced over 72 bills requiring internet service providers to ensure various net neutrality principles. In 13 states and the District of Columbia, legislators introduced 23 resolutions primarily expressing opposition to the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) repeal of net neutrality rules; urging the U.S. Congress enact legislation reinstating and requiring the preservation of net neutrality; or stating the chamber’s support of general net neutrality principles.

The grassroots support for net neutrality may force the hand of FCC or Congress to overturn the policy ironically named “Restoring Internet Freedom,” which was approved in December by the FCC and took effect in June.

Legal Challenges to FCC Policy

This past Tuesday, Massachusetts Senator Ed Markey and California Congresswoman Anna Eshoo led a coalition of their colleagues (27 Senators and 76 members of the House) in filing an amicus brief to the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals, urging it to overturn the FCC’s decision:

In sum, the FCC’s reclassification decision in its 2017 Order is based entirely in the misuse of language. It is divorced from the practical realities that supported the FCC’s 2015 classification decision. And it leads immediately to absurd results. It is an abuse of discretion which this Court should overturn.

The the congressional appeal to the court involves a case being brought by the non-profit Mozilla Corporation, makers of the privacy-focused Firefox internet browser. Other petitioners in the Mozilla case against the FCC include Vimeo, the State of New York, Etsy, and the Santa Clara County Central Fire Protection District, which alleged its internet speeds throttled by Verizon when fighting wildfires that were ravaging California.

Also backing the lawsuit are top officials in 27 cities, reports GeekWire.

Kicking off the backlash to the FCC’s removal of net neutrality protections was a lawsuit filed in federal court by 22 states and the District of Columbia.