Most people who indulge in holiday eggnog expect to feel a bit of boozy warmth, but few realize that the nutmeg sprinkled on its creamy surface carries its own potent punch. The traditional holiday spice, which has long been known as a powerful psychedelic, hasn’t always had such a festive reputation.
These days, you’re only likely to have pleasant encounters with nutmeg, whether as a garnish on winter-weather treats, grated into a rich bechamel sauce, or powdered alongside canisters of cocoa and cinnamon at your local Starbucks. It is, indeed, a heady, woody-smelling spice that adds depth to both sweet and savory foods. But history hasn’t always seen it that way.
Prisoners and peasants in 12th-century Europe thought it more of a drug than sensory decoration: Realizing its intense physical side effects — which, in addition to the visual hallucinations and difficulty moving properly, can include up to half a day of vomiting, dizziness, nausea, and seizures — they used it as a last-ditch effort to escape the horrors of imprisonment, induce menstruation in women, or in attempts to abort unwanted fetuses. Despite the horrible hangover, some people were still willing to take it; the alleged French seer Nostradamus, for one, is said to have induced his prophetic visions by ingesting large amounts of nutmeg. Like many modern-day drugs, the benefits appeared to outweigh the costs, and so nutmeg’s reputation as a potent psychotropic drug persisted through the ages.
Its hallucinogenic potency comes down to the effects of a volatile compound contained within its flesh. Nutmeg itself is a seed, pulled from the branches of the evergreen Myristica fragrans tree, which is native to Indonesia’s Spice (Molucca) Islands. Its aril — the tissue surrounding the seed — is what’s used to make the equally powerful spice mace, which is commonly found in eye-searing pepper spray. Both nutmeg and mace contain myristicin, which can in turn be isolated to help produce stronger psychotropic drugs, like MMDA and its more popular, potentially therapeutic analog MDMA. They also contain the compound safrole, which is a known precursor to MDMA.
Eating a large dose of nutmeg — a 130-pound Erowid user consumed about 25 grams — will produce potent hallucinogenic effects that last about 12 hours, followed by a deep sleep and subsequent memory impairment of the trip, accompanied by the aforementioned side effects, together with difficulty urinating, dry mouth, and panic. Eating that amount of powdered nutmeg, it should be noted, is extremely difficult; it’s not exactly soluble, and swallowing it is much like trying to choke down sawdust, even when mixed with water or an oilier substance, like ice cream. And even if you do succeed in choking it down, it isn’t clear that the effects will be worth the trouble. Medical toxicologist Dr. Leon Gussow, who authored a 2011 paper on nutmeg toxicity, has compared the after-effects to a “two-day hangover.”
It’s for these reasons that nutmeg doesn’t come recommended — not even by Erowid — as a “semi-legal high” and hasn’t persisted as an especially common hallucinogen among high-seekers. There are only a handful of nutmeg overdose cases that show up at poison control centers each year — often, teenagers looking for a cheap high, perhaps inspired by stories of famous users like Malcolm X, who notoriously quipped that “a penny matchbox full of nutmeg had the kick of three or four reefers.”
Rest assured, however, that you won’t be likely to feel said kick this holiday season unless you really go hard on the nutmeg and light on the ‘nog. While it may be tempting to do so, there are much less uncomfortable ways of getting into — or out of — the holiday spirit.
Photos via Flickr / annosvixit