Nobel Prize medals are pictured at the end of the production on October 29, 2019 in Eskilstuna, Swed...

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2021 Nobel Prizes and beyond: 8 discoveries shaping the future of science

JONATHAN NACKSTRAND/AFP/Getty Images

JONATHAN NACKSTRAND/AFP/Getty Images

Every year, the Nobel Prize committee honors groundbreaking scientific achievements in three categories: physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine.

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Many of these advancements are decades in the making and have already benefitted humanity.