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You need to watch the darkest dystopian sci-fi saga on HBO Max ASAP

“Damn You All to Hell.”

Rod Serling’s The Twilight Zone introduced weird sci-fi storytelling into mainstreaming TV, but a very different Serling screenplay took that concept even further. Adapted from the 1963 book by French novelist Pierre Boulle, this now-immortal dystopian classic dropped perhaps the best twist-ending in science fiction history and kicked off an improbably thoughtful and enduring franchise.

The newer films may have nailed the visual aesthetic of a simian-ruled Tomorrowland in a way the classics never could. But it’s the core of the original Planet of the Apes that makes it one of the most brilliant, innovative, and absurd sci-fi franchises ever. It’s also dark as hell.

Here’s why you should go ape and binge all five classic Planet of the Apes movies on HBO Max right now. But before you do, here’s what you need to know first.

If you’ve never seen any Planet of the Apes films, you might not know that there’s a huge twist hiding at the center of the first film, one that does not exist in the original novel. Suffice to say, the location and true identity of the titular “Planet of the Apes” is not always the same in every film.

Starring Charlton Heston as Taylor, an American astronaut suddenly marooned on a planet ruled by talking primates, Planet of the Apes presents one of the darkest science fiction premises ever. On this planet, sentient animals enslave human beings, perpetually punishing us for our various crimes against nature. This society of talking monkeys is no better than the classist, prejudiced world first created by humans. In the sequel — Beneath the Planet of the Apes — that there’s literally no end in sight to the cycle of death and destruction ultimately brings the characters underground, where a cult of mutants literally worship nuclear weapons as a merciful end to life’s suffering.

Does somebody push the doomsday button? You bet they do! If you thought Planet of the Apes was all about some silly Dr. Zaius song from The Simpsons, think again. From exploring hatred against immigrants in Escape from the Planet of the Apes to dissecting racial inequality in Conquest of the Planet of the Apes, each film asks hard questions about society without endeavoring to answer them. (Okay, maybe the last entry, Battle for the Planet of the Apes, tries to answer them, but it’s also the worst movie of the series — precisely because it focuses on delivering an overriding message.)

The opening scene of Escape from the Planet of the Apes (1971).Silver Screen Collection/Moviepix/Getty Images

But on an academic level, the Planet of the Apes series made profound statements about slavery while making white moviegoers uncomfortable with parallels it drew to the Black experience. Gordon Briggs, a professor of liberal studies at the University of Rio Grande, has pointed out that in all the films — and specifically Conquest of the Planet of the Apes — we see “a marginalized group pushing back against the orthodoxy of the dominant group. And the dominant group pushing back.”

Added Briggs: “Science fiction is never about the future, it’s always about the present.”

The Apes films reflect the time period in which they were released, according to Briggs. He notes the films’ commentary on the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. The franchise’s popularity marked a subtle evolution in how American science fiction films were thought about by audiences.

None of these people are the heroes. But they’re not evil, either.United Archives/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

While the more recent trilogy of Planet of the Apes films — especially 2017’s moving War for the Planet of the Apes is separately worthy of praise, the dangerous flavors present in the older films haven’t since been recaptured. Perhaps that’s because, in today’s market, you can’t imagine a big-budget series of blockbusters daring to end in such dark places as each subsequent Apes film did. Without spoiling anything, these movies feature:

  • The destruction of an entire planet, killing everyone who lives on it
  • The murder of immigrant apes en route to Earth
  • The rise of a violent dictatorship, brought upon by the very people who sought to restore their own civil liberties

If all the Dune books reach the screen, there’s a chance those films could rival the complex darkness of the Apes films, given the mature content of Frank Herbert’s original books. But in the current climate of sci-fi blockbusters, it seems almost impossible to imagine any franchise going as dark as Planet of the Apes.

Contemporary science fiction cinema offers a glimmer of hope at the end of even the darkest of films. Back in the 1960s, this wasn’t expected or required.

The Planet of the Apes film series took a Twilight Zone-style horror premise and turned it into a series of movies that never let up in intensity. At the end of the first film, Taylor screams, “Damn you all to hell.” But who is he yelling at? His fellow humans? The apes? God?

Thankfully, these movies are too clever and too interesting to spell it all out for us. Despite the goofy rubber masks, the genius of The Planet of the Apes series is that it's subtle — and that’s saying something for a series of films about gorillas riding around on horses with shotguns.

Planet of the Apes (1968), Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970), Escape from the Planet of the Apes (1971), Conquest of the Planet of the Apes (1972), and Battle for the Planet of the Apes (1973) are all streaming on HBO Max in the U.S.

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