NASA’s Applied Science Program has been hard at work tracking changing water storage and rainfall patterns, a crucial service during a time of increasing drought. They also partner with the USDA and USAID to assess how water levels — necessary to grow crops — impact agricultural conditions and food insecurity.
Space-based solar power stations could face the sun 24 hours a day, providing a constant stream of renewable energy to Earth. However, scientists must figure out how to gather the energy and materials to launch and build such stations, which are the size of approximately 1,400 football fields. So, we may need to wait a little longer before such plans can benefit planet Earth.