Physiologist David Julius and molecular biologist Ardem Patapoutian used chili peppers and pressure-sensitive cells, respectively, to better understand how we perceive heat, cold, and pressure.
6. Chemistry, 2021
This year the Prize went to two scientists who, independent of each other, developed a new type of catalyst — substances that control and accelerate chemical reactions. This third type of catalyst is calledasymmetric organocatalysis.