Astronomers described “the most accurately recorded carbonaceous chondrite fall” ever, of an intact meteorite that landed in 2021. The Winchcombe meteorite, as it’s called, contains water with a similar composition to Earth’s oceans, suggesting that meteorites could have brought water to Earth originally.
Astronomers discovered two of the earliest galaxies ever found — from 350 million to 450 million years after the Big Bang — in images from JWST. At just one-hundredth the age of the Universe, they’re brighter than other galaxies from their time, suggesting they may be exceptionally large.
Researchers found a new mechanism they’re calling hydro-signalling, which allows some plants to change their roots’ shape in response to water. When they can’t detect moisture, plants release a hormone that stops roots from branching, causing them to only grow in the direction of water.
Researchers determined the diffuse cloud of stars surrounding the Milky Way’s core, called its stellar halo, is not spherical as had been thought, but oblong. The finding is important for understanding how the galaxy formed and determining the structure of its dark matter.
Researchers discovered the oldest army ant ever found, from around 35 million years ago, preserved in amber. Mislabeled and stored in Harvard’s Museum of Comparative Zoology since the ‘30s, the specimen suggests predatory army ants once had a much larger presence in Europe.