Researchers writing in a September 1 report in the journal Nature describe stone tools and animal fossils found in the Nefud Desert in northern Saudi Arabia. These point to early human habitation.
Archeological sites in the Nefud were once home to ancient lakes and have earned recent archaeological interest.
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“The dispersal of our species from Africa into Asia was ... probably shaped by pulses of immigration when there were short windows of opportunity.”
In 2018, one team uncovered a 88,000-year-old fossilized Homo sapien finger bone in the Nefud Desert, which shifted our understanding of ancient human migration.
Neanderthals, who are known to have been present in the northern Levant, could have mingled in the desert with Homo sapiens.