Emissions reduction company Signol published a 2020 report showcasing a trial program with Virgin Atlantic that helped individual pilots improve fuel efficiency by 30 percent. This may be a cheap and easy way to bring down emissions levels.
In 2021, some of the biggest names in aviation — including Airbus, the biggest commercial airline manufacturer — came together to test whether 100 percent sustainable aviation fuel can decarbonize the airline sector. The market for this fuel is projected to hit $562 million by 2025.
Sustainable aviation fuel is typically made of vegetable oil and animal fats instead of kerosene or gas. But there may be other ways: A new study in Chem Catalysis shows it is possible to convert plastic to jet fuel in an hour.