Cheddar Man, the name given to the oldest and most complete Homo sapien skeleton ever found in England, was a fairly typical Briton for his time. Found in Gough’s Cave in Somerset’s limestone Cheddar Gorge in 1903, he lived 10,000 years ago and died in his twenties, was 5 feet 4 inches tall and, like most Europeans in that era, lactose intolerant. But what scientists haven’t been sure about until now was how he looked: Was he as white as the history of Great Britain?

While previous reconstructions have portrayed Cheddar Man as a pudgy white guy, the results of a recent DNA analysis, published Wednesday by researchers at London’s Natural History Museum, reveals a very different portrait: a dark-skinned man with blue eyes whose genetic markers link him to sub-Saharan Africa.

The updated model of his face, released alongside the study, is a preview to the Channel 4 documentary on ancient DNA that will be released on February 18.

The Cheddar Man reconstructed and his skull.

Painting the Cheddar Man’s new portrait involved extracting his DNA by drilling into his skull to retrieve a few milligrams of bone powder, then using a technique called next-generation shotgun sequencing — which involves breaking up DNA sequences into small pieces and then reassembling the sequences by matching what regions overlap — to assemble his full genome. The researchers examined the genome for specific DNA markers linked to known physical traits while cross-referencing it with the genomes of modern people who live near Cheddar Gorge today.

What they found was that, although modern-day British people share about 10 percent of their DNA with the European population Cheddar Man was a part of, he didn’t look a thing like the stereotype of a white, native British person, except that he had light-colored eyes. The most likely explanation for how he ended up there is that his ancestors left Africa, moved into the Middle East, and then crossed the land bridge that connected Europe and Great Britain to land in Cheddar.

“Cheddar Man subverts people’s expectations of what kinds of genetic traits go together,” Tom Booth, Ph.D., a postdoctoral researcher who works at the museum, explained in a statement released Wednesday. “It seems that pale eyes entered Europe long before pale skin or blond hair, which didn’t come along until after the arrival of farming.”

The reassembled skeleton of the Cheddar Man.

This analysis of Cheddar Man adds to the growing understanding that the skin tones of Stone Age Europeans were much more diverse than previously thought. Booth explains that scientists incorrectly presumed that the populations of modern humans who entered Europe 45,000 years ago adapted quickly to favor pale skin, which would help them absorb UV light and avoid vitamin D deficiency in that significantly darker environment. Now, genetic analyses are revealing that both Neanderthals and ancient humans living in Europe had a variety of often-dark skin tones paired with light-colored eyes and dark hair.

As with all research disrupting what we think we know about race, this finding is already controversial, with some online commenters seeming unable to accept the fact that this early Briton wasn’t white.

But, as Booth explained, the point of studies like these is to clarify the often-unfounded notions we hold about race. He pointed out that “imaginary racial categories” are modern constructions that especially can’t be applied to ancient people.

“He reminds us that you can’t make assumptions about what people looked like in the past based on what people look like in the present and that the pairings of features we are used to seeing today aren’t something that’s fixed.”

Every time a person would ask me about my heritage, I would simply shrug. My mom was born in the Italian seaside town of Ancona, while my dad hails from Quito — the mountainous capital of Ecuador. After falling in love on the east coast of the Italian peninsula, my parents settled years later in another swampier, peninsula — Florida. And that’s where yours truly came into the picture.

For their first 100 million years on planet Earth, our mammal ancestors relied on the cover of darkness to escape their dinosaur predators and competitors. Only after the meteor-induced mass extinction of dinosaurs 66 million years ago could these nocturnal mammals explore the many wondrous opportunities available in the light of day.

Earlier this month, members of the aerospace community gathered again for the 69th International Astronautical Congress in Bremen, Germany, and unless you zipped around the conference at the speed of light, you might have missed a few things. But not to worry, we have the highlights. This year, the industry seemed over the moon for — the moon.

In April authorities in the Sacramento area captured the rapist and murderer known as the Golden State Killer — using publicly available genetic data. Shortly after the arrest of Joseph James DeAngelo, it was revealed that the consumer genomic database GEDmatch.com had helped bring the 40-year investigation to end. Law enforcement linked DeAngelo to his string of crimes with the assistance of his relatives’ DNA data that were available online. In a study published Thursday in the journal Science, researchers point out that consumer testing is only likely to become more prevalent and more powerful — but this may come at the cost of our privacy, as publicly available genetic databases can identify us even if we haven’t contributed to them.

If you think you don’t have viruses, think again.

It may be hard to fathom, but the human body is occupied by large collections of microorganisms, commonly referred to as our microbiome, that have evolved with us since the early days of man. Scientists have only recently begun to quantify the microbiome, and discovered it is inhabited by at least 38 trillion bacteria. More intriguing, perhaps, is that bacteria are not the most abundant microbes that live in and on our bodies. That award goes to viruses.