Nothing can escape a black hole, but the laws of quantum mechanics state that information can never be totally erased. Now, scientists are trying to find out if information inside a black hole is preserved — or lost forever.

According to physicist Stephen Hawking, if a particle falls into a black hole, the black hole will lose a bit of mass in the form of energy. Black holes radiate small amounts of energy and evaporate over time. Logically, if something falls into a black hole, it will be lost. This creates the information paradox.

It’s possible that information is preserved via entangled photons, photons which have quantum states linked to the other, no matter how far they are. In this theory, information is released in a burst of energy as the black hole evaporates.

Pisin Chen of National Taiwan University and Gerard Mourou of École Polytechnique in France published a paper in Physical Review Letters Monday on how they can solve the information paradox using using a next-generation particle accelerator called a plasma wakefield accelerator. These accelerators shoot pulses of laser light into plasma to create a wave of electrons rippling through a cloud of ionised gas. This will keep building in intensity.

This accelerator works as a mirror that mimics a black hole’s event horizon. When the mirror stops moving, it would create a sudden burst of energy, similar to a black hole evaporating.

Chen and Mourou also came up with a way to accelerate the plasma wakefield itself. They haven’t conducted the experiment yet, but they believe this could help model other properties of the black hole, like how it distorts space-time.

On the other hand, Hawking says information doesn’t enter the black hole in the first place. “I propose that the information is stored not in the interior of the black hole as one might expect, but on its boundary, the event horizon,” Hawking said at a conference in August 2015.

In other words, the physical information about an object and its particles get trapped at a spherical threshold around the black hole. Instead of getting pulled into a black hole, Hawking says the information changes into a kind of hologram that stays on the surface of the event horizon.

Since we can’t get close to a black hole, we don’t know for sure what happens to information at a black hole and if Hawking is right, but a plasma tidal wave may inform us soon.

New research suggests that colder climates can foster an unhealthy relationship with alcohol. Turning to booze during times of wintry malaise is nothing new. It’s cold and there’s not much to do besides stay inside — to not drink takes more creativity. But while wintertime drinking may seem as natural as a Russian slugging a vodka or a Wisconsinite sipping a beer, this relationship has never been quantified scientifically. So the question becomes: Do all cold people really drink more, or do we just think that to make ourselves feel better?

There are a lot of reasons to be excited about the recent discovery of an Earth-like, frozen planet orbiting one of our neighboring stars. For one, it represents the culmination of years of searching for exoplanets, and two, as one scientist involved in the search tells Inverse, it may open the floodgate to finding more potentially habitable planets in the future.

It’s that time of year where the pressure’s on to find super cool gifts for the people you love. Instead of scrambling around this year for last-minute gifts, why not head over to one of our favorite lifestyle product sites, Huckberry, and take a look at the Levimoon, which you’ve probably guessed by now is a levitating moon.

SpaceX’s Big Falcon Rocket (BFR) won’t be making its maiden voyage to the moon and back until 2023. In the meantime, CEO Elon Musk intends to test some of the BFR’s most innovative designs using the Falcon 9 rocket.

On Wednesday, Musk took to Twitter to announce that SpaceX would construct a miniature version of the BFR’s winged space shuttle to launch on the Falcon 9 as early as June 2019. It’s unclear if this means that all future Falcon 9 flights will include this upgrade or if this will specifically serve as a proof-of-concept launch for the BFR.